MATTHEWS, N.C. (Queen City News) – New research suggests pre-teens miss out on the equivalent of one night of sleep per week due to social media usage.
A study out of Leicester, England with De Montfort University monitored 10- and 11-year-olds participating in social media. Researchers found the subjects were only getting about 8.7 hours of sleep each night. The recommended amount for the age group is nine to 11 hours.
Young people cite increased social media usage as a fear of missing out, commonly known as FOMO. They said they didn’t want to miss a post or message from their friends.
Local experts say there is a growing number of studies showing similar results.
“We’re seeing that it’s actually affecting the amount of melatonin secreted,” said board-certified psychiatrist Adriana Stacey. “Which, to me, is a pretty significant sign because it shows it’s actually affecting their biology not just their behavior.”
Stacey works with Matthews-based organization ScreenStrong. The group is dedicated to helping young people and families reduce screen time and overcome addictions to technology.
“In the kids that are using their screens, even more than a few hours a week, were less likely to be able to feel like they were happy, or they were satisfied with their life,” she said.
Sleep is often one of the first areas in life which suffer due to excessive screen time. Stacey said just an hour a day of social media usage is linked to insufficient sleep duration.
“It’s also associated with a longer time to fall asleep. Now, we know that because we know the light from these phones when it hits our retina, that stimulates our brain to think that it’s daytime so that wasn’t a surprise to us. But we also saw decreased evening sleepiness,” she said.
Clinicians say pre-teens inherently view social media differently than adult users.
“We know because we’re adults that they’re only seeing a small, one percent of a person’s life. But a young person’s brain, the brain doesn’t fully develop until around age 25, they can’t understand how that’s connected to them having feelings of anxiety, depression, lower self-esteem,” Stacey said.
ScreenStrong leaders recommend not allowing children to have a smartphone until they turn 18. They say there are many phones on the market which only have essential functions to keep them in contact until then.
They suggest a ‘screen fast’ for anyone struggling with technological addictions. That involves taking a break from phones, tablets and digital entertainment for 14 to 30 days.